IAS (Civil Services)

BASIC INFORMATION

  • Exams :

    The entire UPSC examination is conducted in three phases:
    (1) Preliminary Examination
    (2) Mains Examination
    (3) Interview (Personality Test)

  • Fees :

    The fees structure of various subjects depends on courses and requirements. Fee is subject to change also.

  • How to apply:

    • Candidates can apply online using the website http://www.upsconline.nic.in
    • Detailed Instruction for filling up the online applications is readily available on the website.

COURSE DETAILS

Founded in 1858 as the Imperial Civil Service (or ICS) and recognized as the Indian Administrative Service on 26th January, 1950, IAS is considered as the most esteemed and the toughest examination in India. Every year, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts this exam to shortlist eligible candidates for more than twenty services, including IAS, IPS, IFS, etc., and every year lakhs of students register and appear for IAS in the hope of a bright future ahead.

But, why IAS?

That’s the question that arises in every aspirants mind before they choose a particular field as a career option. So, why should one go and pursue for the civil services? Is it because, as the permanent bureaucracy, it is one of the most prestigious positions in India? Or is it because it forms an executive branch in the government of India? Or is it simply because it is their parents’ dream?

Well, more or less, YES!!

An IAS officer is considered as the torch bearer in a government. It’s a post powerful enough of bringing a change. Being an IAS officer gives one an opportunity to do things one earnestly feels is necessary to bring a positive change for all. In addition, IAS is one of the best career options with challenging job functions and perks of office coming along with. So, be it the upliftment of humanity or for personal betterment or for your near and dear ones, now you have an objective to fulfill as you pursue for this prestigious career option.

COURSE SYLLABUS

  • I. Paper I (Duration: 2 hours, Marks: 200)
    • 1) HISTORY: History of India and Indian Freedom Struggle
    • 2) GEOGRAPHY: Geography of India and Concepts of Physical Geography: Physical Geography, Human Geography, Economic Geography, World Geography
    • 3) POLITY: Indian Polity and Governance Issues: Constitution, Union Executives, State Executives, Federalism in India, Judicial System, Panchayati Raj
    • 4) ECONOMY: Indian Economy and Social Development: Basic Principles of Indian Economy, Social Schemes of Government, Social Development through Economic Empowerment, Sustainable Development, poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives.
    • 5) ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY: Principles of Environment and Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change and Climate Summits and Conferences
    • 6) GENERAL SCIENCE: General Principles of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Latest Science and Technological Development.
    • 7) CURRENT AFFAIRS: Current events and happenings of national and international importance
  • II. Paper II (Duration: 2 hours, Marks: 200)
    • 1) Comprehension
    • 2) Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
    • 3) Logical reasoning and analytical ability
    • 4) Decision-making and problem solving capacity
    • 5) General mental ability
    • 6) Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level)
    • 7) Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
    • 8) English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).
    • 9) Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the Syllabus of Paper-II) will be tested through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.
  • I. Essay Paper (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 250)
    • Essay Writing: where candidates can write an essay on a topic of their choice from amongst the given option.
  • II. General Studies I (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 250)
    Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society
    • 1) Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
    • 2) Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
    • 3) The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
    • 4) Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
    • 5) History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
    • 6) Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
    • 7) Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
    • 8) Effects of globalization on Indian society
    • 9) Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
    • 10) Salient features of world's physical geography.
    • 11) Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features
    • 12) Location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
  • III. General Studies II (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 250)
    Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations
    • 1) Indian Constitution - historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
    • 2) Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
    • 3) Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
    • 4) Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
    • 5) Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
    • 6) Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
    • 7) Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
    • 8) Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
    • 9) Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
    • 10) Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
    • 11) Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
    • 12) Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
    • 13) Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
    • 14) Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
    • 15) Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
    • 16) Role of civil services in a democracy.
    • 17) India and its neighborhood - relations.
    • 18) Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
    • 19) Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.
    • 20) Important International institutions, Agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
  • IV. General Studies III (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 250)
    Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment
    • 1) Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
    • 2) Government Budgeting.
    • 3) Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
    • 4) Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
    • 5) Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
    • 6) Land reforms in India.
    • 7) Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
    • 8) Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
    • 9) Investment models.
    • 10) Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
    • 11) Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
    • 12) Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
    • 13) Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
    • 14) Disaster and disaster management.
    • 15) Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
    • 16) Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
    • 17) Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
    • 18) Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
    • 19) Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
  • V. General Studies IV (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 250)
    Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
    • 1) Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
    • 2) Attitude: Content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
    • 3) Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
    • 4) Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
    • 5) Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
    • 6) Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
    • 7) Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
    • 8) Case Studies on above issues.
  • VI. Indian Language Paper (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 300)
    • 1) Comprehension of given passages
    • 2) Précis Writing
    • 3) Usage and Vocabulary
    • 4) Short Essays
    • 5) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa
  • VII. English (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 300)
    • 1) Comprehension of given passages
    • 2) Précis Writing
    • 3) Usage and Vocabulary
    • 4) Short Essays
  • VIII. Optional Paper I (as opted by the candidate) (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 250)
  • IX. Optional Paper II (as opted by the candidate) (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 250)
  • The optional subjects available for the candidates to opt from are:
    • 1) Agriculture
    • 2) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
    • 3) Anthropology
    • 4) Botany
    • 5) Chemistry
    • 6) Civil Engineering
    • 7) Commerce and Accountancy
    • 8) Economics
    • 9) Electrical Engineering
    • 10) Geography
    • 11) Geology
    • 12) History
    • 13) Law
    • 14) Management
    • 15) Mathematics
    • 16) Mechanical Engineering
    • 17) Medical Science
    • 18) Philosophy
    • 19) Physics
    • 20) Political Science and International Relations
    • 21) Psychology
    • 22) Public Administration
    • 23) Sociology
    • 24) Statistics
    • 25) Zoology
  • Literature of any one of the following languages:
    • 1) Assamese
    • 2) Bengali
    • 3) Bodo
    • 4) Dogri
    • 5) Gujarati
    • 6) Hindi
    • 7) Kannada
    • 8) Kashmiri
    • 9) Konkani
    • 10) Maithili
    • 11) Malayalam
    • 12) Manipuri
    • 13) Marathi
    • 14) Nepali
    • 15) Oriya
    • 16) Punjabi
    • 17) Sanskrit
    • 18) Santhali
    • 19) Sindhi
    • 20) Tamil
    • 21) Telugu
    • 22) Urdu
    • 23) English

EXAMS

Preliminary Examination

  • The Preliminary Examination, or popularly known as Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT), consists of two papers of 200 marks each and of two hours duration. Both the papers are of objective nature.
  • A candidate must appear in both the papers to qualify for the mains examination.
  • The Paper-I of General Studies consists of 100 questions of 2 marks each.
  • The Paper-II of CSAT consists of 80 questions of 2.5 marks each.
  • 1/3rd of the allotted marks will be deducted in case of each wrong answer, i.e., in case of a wrong answer in Paper-I, 0.66 marks will be deducted, whereas in Paper-II, the negative marking will be of 0.833 marks.
  • No marks will be deducted in case of an unattempted question.
  • The General Studies paper is generally conducted from 9:30 AM to 11:30 AM and covers topics from subjects Indian Polity, History, Geography, Indian Economy, Science & Technology, Environment & Ecology, International Relations and Current Affairs.
  • The paper of CSAT is generally conducted from 2:30 PM to 4:30 PM and aims to evaluate candidate’s aptitude in solving ‘Reasoning and Analytical’ questions along with ‘Reading Comprehension’, and the ‘Decision Making’ questions that are sometimes included.
  • Generally, the Decision Making questions are exempted from the negative marking.
  • This Preliminary Examination is of qualifying nature and the marks obtained will not be included in the final rank list.

Mains Examination

  • This is the second phase of Civil Services Examination and consists of 9 papers carrying a total of 1750 marks. Out of these 9 papers, two papers are of qualifying nature and carry 300 marks each.
  • These papers are of Subjective nature and only the candidates qualifying the preliminary examinations can give the mains examination.
  • The two qualifying papers are: (i) Any Indian Language, (ii) English Language Paper
  • A minimum of 25% marks is necessary in both the qualifying papers. Only then the candidate’s Essay Paper, General Studies Papers and the Optional Papers will be considered for evaluation.
  • If the candidate fails to qualify in either or both of the language papers, then the marks obtained by him will not be considered or counted.
  • The structure of language paper is as follows:

    a) Essay: 100 marks
    b) Reading Comprehension: 60 marks
    c) Precis Writing: 60 marks
    d) Translation:
      - English to Compulsory language: 20 marks
      - Compulsory language to English: 20 marks
    e) Grammar and basic language usage: 40 marks

Interview

  • The candidates that qualify the mains examination are called for interview and the interview is conducted by an experienced and impartial Board appointed by UPSC.
  • The interview carries 275 marks and along with the 1750 marks of the main examination, this sums up to the grand total of 2025 marks, on the basis of which the final list is prepared.
  • The interview aims at assessing the suitability of the candidate for a career in the civil services and intends to evaluate the mental quality and analytical ability of the candidate.

A TYPICAL WEEKLY TIME TABLE

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,
All play and no work makes Jack a mere toy.”

This proverb quite evidently states the importance of the balance that must be maintained between the time one works and the leisure time. Here are some tips, applicable to all the preparatory examinations, for setting up a daily time-table that might help you in achieving this balance:

  • Please note that these tips are suggestive and you can change them according to your needs.
  • First of all, instead of sitting for hours at one go, you can divide your study time in various slots (5-6) of one to three hours each and in between each slot, keep some leisure time as that is equally important for the freshening up of your brain.
  • All the topics must be revised about two to three times before the examination.
  • You can choose topics as per your will for the two and three hours slot.
  • What is studied in a week must be revised the very next week in the 3 hours slot or we tend to forget the things and there is a huge possibility that you might miss some very important point.
  • And last but not the least, a healthy diet and a sleep of at least 6 hours is a must.

PCS (Civil Services)

BASIC INFORMATION

  • Exams :

    The entire PCS examination is conducted in three phases:
    (1) Preliminary Examination
    (2) Mains Examination
    (3) Viva-Voce (Personality Test)

  • Fees :

    The fees structure of various subjects depends on the various coaching institutes accordingly.

  • How to apply:

    • Candidates can apply online using the website http://www.upsconline.nic.in
    • Detailed Instruction for filling up the online applications is readily available on the website.

COURSE DETAILS

Provincial Civil Services or PCS is the administrative service that falls under the Group A and Group B of the state service of the executive branch of the Government of Uttar Pradesh. As the feeder for Indian Administrative Service in the state, PCS officers hold various posts from conducting revenue administration and maintenance of law and order. A candidate can acquire posts from sub-divisional, district and divisional level to state level. The cadre- controlling authority of the service is the Department of Appointment and Personnel of the Government of Uttar Pradesh and on the basis of the annual examination conducted by Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission half of the recruitment to the services is done.

COURSE SYLLABUS

  • I. Paper I: General Studies I (Duration: 2 hours, Marks: 200)
    • 1) HISTORY: History of India and Indian Freedom Struggle
    • 2) GEOGRAPHY: Geography of India and Concepts of Physical Geography: Physical Geography, Human Geography, Economic Geography, World Geography
    • 3) POLITY: Indian Polity and Governance Issues: Constitution, Union Executives, State Executives, Federalism in India, Judicial System, Panchayati Raj
    • 4) ECONOMY: Indian Economy and Social Development: Basic Principles of Indian Economy, Social Schemes of Government, Social Development through Economic Empowerment, Sustainable Development, poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives.
    • 5) ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY: Principles of Environment and Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change and Climate Summits and Conferences
    • 6) GENERAL SCIENCE: General Principles of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Latest Science and Technological Development.
    • 7) CURRENT AFFAIRS: Current events and happenings of national and international importance
  • II. Paper II: General Studies II (Duration: 2 hours, Marks: 200)
    • 1) Comprehension
    • 2) Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
    • 3) Logical reasoning and analytical ability
    • 4) Decision-making and problem solving
    • 5) General mental ability
    • 6) Elementary Mathematics up to Class X level- Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Statistics.
      • (a) Arithmetic:

        • Number systems: Natural Numbers, Integers, Rational and irrational numbers, Real numbers, Divisors of an Integer, prime integers, L.C.M. and H.C.F. of integers and their interrelationship.
        • Average
        • Ratio and proportion
        • Percentage
        • Profit and Loss
        • Simple and Compound interests
        • Work and Time.
        • Speed, Time and Distance

      • (b) Algebra:

        • Factors of polynomials, L.C.M. and H.C.F. of polynomials and their interrelationship, Remainder theorem, simultaneous linear equations, quadratic equations.
        • Set Theory: Set null set, subsets and proper subsets of a set, operations (Union, Intersections, difference, symmetric difference) between sets, Venn diagram.

      • (c) Geometry:

        • Constructions and theorems regarding triangle, rectangle, square, trapezium and circles, their perimeter and area.
        • Volume and surface area of sphere, right circular cylinder, right circular Cone and Cube.

      • (d) Statistics: Collection of data, Classification of data, frequency, frequency distribution, tabulation, cumulative frequency. Representation of data - Bar diagram, Pie chart, histogram, frequency polygon, cumulative frequency curves, Measures of Central tendency: Arithmetic mean, Median and Mode
    • 7) General English up to Class X level.
      • • Comprehension.
        • Active Voice and Passive Voice.
        • Parts of Speech.
        • Transformation of Sentences.
        • Direct and Indirect Speech.
        • Punctuation and Spellings.
        • Words Meanings.
        • Vocabulary & usage.
        • Idioms and Phrases.
        • Fill in the Blanks.
    • 8) General Hindi up to Class X level.
      • • हिंदी वर्णमाला, विराम चिन्ह
        • शब्द रचना, वाक्य रचना, अर्थ,
        • शब्द-रूप,
        • संधि, समास,
        • क्रियाएँ,
        • अनेकार्थी शब्द,
        • विलोम शब्द,
        • पर्यायवाची शब्द,
        • मुहावरे एवं लोकोक्तियाँ
        • तत्सम एवं तद्भव, देशज, विदेशी (शब्द भंडार)
        • वर्तनी
        • अर्थबोध
        • हिंदी भाषा के प्रयोग में होने वाली अशुद्धियाँ
        • उ.प्र. की मुख्य बोलियाँ
  • I) General Hindi (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 150)
    • 1. दिए हुए गद्य खंड का अवबोध (Comprehension) और प्रश्नोत्तर
      2. संक्षेपण (Precis Writing)
      3. सरकारी एवं अर्धसरकारी पत्र लेखन, तार लेखन, कार्यालय आदेश, अधिसूचना, परिपत्र
      4. शब्द ज्ञान एवं प्रयोग-

      i. उपसर्ग एवं प्रत्यय प्रयोग
      ii. विलोम शब्द
      iii. वाक्यांश के लिए एकशब्द
      iv. वर्तनी एवं वाक्य शुद्धि
      v. लोकोक्ति एवं मुहावरे

  • II) Essay (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 150)
    • • Candidates will be provided with three sections from which they will have to select one topic from each section and write a 700 words long essay.
    • • In the three sections, topics of essay will be based on following sphere:
      • • Section A:

        a) Literature and Culture
        b) Social sphere
        c) Political sphere.

        • Section B:

        a) Science, Environment and Technology
        b) Economic Sphere Agriculture
        c) Industry and Trade.

        • Section C:

        a) National and International Events
        b) Natural Calamities, Land slide,
        Earthquake, Deluge, Drought and National Development programmes and projects.

  • III. General Studies I (Duration: 2 hours, Marks: 200)
    • • History of Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
    • • Modern Indian history (from 1757 AD to 1947 AD): Significant events, personalities and issues, etc.
    • • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
    • • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country (till 1965 AD).
    • • History of the world will include events from 18th century to mid 20th century such as French revolution of 1789, Industrial Revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, Socialism, Nazism, Fascism etc. - their forms and effect on the society.
    • • Salient features of Indian Society and culture.
    • • Role of Women in society and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
    • • Meaning of liberalization, privatization and globalization and their effects on economy, polity and social structure.
    • • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
    • • Distribution of major natural resources of World-Water, Soils, Forests in reference to South and South-East Asia with special reference to India.
    • • Factors responsible for the location of industries (with special reference to India).
    • • Salient features of Physical Geography: Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone, Ocean Currents, winds and glaciers.
    • • Oceanic resources of India and their potential.
    • • Human migration - refugee problem of the World with focus on India.
    • • Frontiers and boundaries with reference to Indian sub-continent.
    • • Population and Settlements- Types and Patterns, Urbanization, Smart Cities and Smart Villages.
    • • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh - History, Culture, Art, Architecture, Festival, Folk-Dance, Literature, Regional Languages, Heritage, Social Customs and Tourism.
    • • Specific knowledge of U.P.- Geography- Human and Natural Resources, Climate, Soils, Forest, Wild-Life, Mines and Minerals, Sources of Irrigation
  • IV. General Studies II (Duration: 2 hours, Marks: 200)
    • • Indian Constitution - historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basis structure, Role of Supreme Court in evolution of basic provisions of Constitution.
    • • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States: issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
    • • Role of Finance Commission in Centre - State financial relations.
    • • Separation of powers, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. Emergence and use of alternative dispute redressal mechanisms.
    • • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other major democratic countries.
    • • Parliament and State legislatures- structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers and privileges and concerned issues.
    • • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary: Ministries and Departments of the Government, Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Public Interest Litigation (PIL).
    • • Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
    • • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, Powers, functions and their responsibilities.
    • • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies including NITI Aayog, their features and functioning.
    • • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design, implementation and Information Communication Technology (ICT).
    • • Development processes- the role of Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Self Help Groups (SHGs), various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
    • • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes, mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
    • • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
    • • Issues relating to poverty and hunger, their implication on body politic.
    • • Important aspects of governance. Transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential, citizens, charters and institutional measures.
    • • Role of Civil Services in a democracy in the context of emerging trends. 18- India and its relationship with neighboring Countries.
    • • Bilateral, Regional and Global groupings and agreements involving India and/ or affecting India's interest.
    • • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests- Indian Diaspora.
    • • Important International Institutions, Agencies, their structure, mandate and functioning.
    • • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh regarding Political, Administrative, Revenue and Judicial System.
    • • Current affairs and events of Regional, State, National and International importance.
  • V. General Studies III (Duration: 2 hours, Marks: 200)
    • • Economic planning in India, objectives and achievements. Role of NITI Aayog, Pursuit of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
    • • Issues of Poverty, Unemployment, Social justice and inclusive growth.
    • • Components of Government Budgets and Financial System.
    • • Major Crops, Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce, e-technology in the aid of farmers.
    • • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices, Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, Limitations, revamping, issues of buffer stocks and food security, Technology missions in agriculture.
    • • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
    • • Land reforms in India since independence.
    • • Effects of liberalization and globalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
    • • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
    • • Science and Technology-developments and applications in everyday life and in National Security, India's Science and Technology policy.
    • • Achievements of Indians in science & technology, indigenization of technology. Developments of new technologies, transfer of technology, dual and critical use technologies.
    • • Awareness in the fields of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Space Technology, Computers, Energy resources, nanotechnology, microbiology, biotechnology. Issues relating to intellectual property rights (IPR), and digital rights.
    • • Environmental security and Ecosystems, Conservation of Wild life, Biodiversity, Environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment,
    • • Disaster as a Non-traditional security and safety challenge, disaster mitigation and management.
    • • Challenges of International Security: Issues of Nuclear proliferation, Causes and spread of extremism, Communication networks, role of media and social networking, Basics of cyber security, money laundering and human trafficking.
    • • India's internal security challenges: Terrorism, corruption, insurgency and organized crimes.
    • • Role, kind and mandate of security forces, Higher defense organizations in India
    • • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh Economy:- Overview of UP Economy: State Budgets.
    • • Importance of Agriculture, Industry, Infrastructure and physical resources. Human Resources and Skill development.
    • • Government Programmes and Welfare Schemes.
    • • Issues in Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry and Animal Husbandry.
    • • Law and Order and Civil Defense with special reference to U.P.
  • VI) General Studies – IV (Duration: 2 hours, Marks: 200)
    • • The Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
    • • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships.
    • • Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators, role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
    • • Attitude - Content, structure, function, its influence and relation with thought and behavior, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion.
    • • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public services, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
    • • Emotional Intelligence - Concept and Dimensions and its utility along with the application in administration and governance.
    • • Public/Civil Service values and ethics in Public Administration:
      • i. Status and problems, ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance, accountability and ethical governance,
      • ii. Strengthening of moral values in governance,
      • iii. Ethical issues in international relations and funding,
      • iv. Corporate Governance.
    • • Probity in Governance - concept of public service, philosophical basis of governance and probity, information sharing and transparency in government.
    • • Right to Information, Codes of ethics, Codes of conduct, citizen's charter, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
    • • Case studies on above issues.
  • VII. Optional Paper I & II (Duration: 3 hours, Marks: 200 each)

    A candidate will not be allowed to offer more than one subject from the below subjects. There will be only 01 Optional Subject:

    • • Group A:
      • 1. Social Work
      • 2. Anthropology
      • 3. Sociology
    • • Group B:
      • 1. Mathematics
      • 2. Statistics
    • • Group C:
      • 1. Agriculture
      • 2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
    • • Group D:
      • 1. Civil Engineering
      • 2. Mechanical Engineering
      • 3. Electrical Engineering
      • 4. Agriculture Engineering
    • • Group E:
      • 1. English Literature
      • 2. Hindi Literature
      • 3. Urdu Literature
      • 4. Arabic Literature
      • 5. Persian Literature
      • 6. Sanskrit Literature
    • • Group F:
      • 1. Political Science and International Relations
      • 2. Public Administration
    • • Group G:
      • 1. Management
      • 2. Public Administration
    • • Other Subjects
      • 1. Zoology
      • 2. Chemistry
      • 3. Physics
      • 4. Geography
      • 5. Economy
      • 6. Sociology
      • 7. Philosophy
      • 8. Geology
      • 9. Psychology
      • 10. Botany
      • 11. Law
      • 12. History
      • 13. Commerce & Accountancy
      • 14. Medical Science
      • 15. Defense Studies

EXAMS

Preliminary Examination

  • The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of 200 marks each and of two hours duration. Both the papers are of objective nature.
  • The Paper-I consists of 150 questions.
  • The Paper-II consists of 100 questions.
  • 1/3rd of the allotted marks will be deducted in case of each wrong answer.
  • No marks will be deducted in case of an unattempted question.
  • Generally, the Paper-I is conducted from 9:30 AM to 11:30 AM and the Paper-II is conducted from 2:30 PM to 4:30 PM.
  • It is mandatory for the Candidates to appear in both the papers of Preliminary Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he does not appear in both in papers.
  • Paper-II of the Preliminary Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.
  • The merit of the Candidates will be determined on the basis of marks obtained in Paper-I of the Preliminary Examination.

Mains Examination

  • The second phase of the examination is of Conventional/Descriptive Type and only the candidates qualifying the preliminary examinations can give the mains examination.
  • The Written examination consists of following compulsory and optional subjects:

    COMPULSORY SUBJECTS

    1) General Hindi: 150 marks
    2) Essay: 150 marks
    3) General Studies (First Paper): 200 marks
    4) General Studies (Second Paper): 200 marks
    5) General Studies (Third Paper): 200 marks
    6) General Studies (Fourth Paper): 200 marks

    OPTIONAL SUBECT: For the optional subject opted by the candidate, two papers will be there, wherein each paper will be carrying 200 marks and will be of 3 hours duration.

Viva-Voce

  • The candidates that qualify the mains examination are called for interview and the interview is conducted by an experienced and impartial Board appointed by UPPSC.
  • The interview carries 100 marks.
  • It will relate to the matter of general interest keeping the matter of academic interest in view and for general awareness, intelligence, character, expression power/personality and general suitability for the service.

A TYPICAL WEEKLY TIME TABLE

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,
All play and no work makes Jack a mere toy.”

This proverb quite evidently states the importance of the balance that must be maintained between the time one works and the leisure time. Here are some tips, applicable to all the preparatory examinations, for setting up a daily time-table that might help you in achieving this balance:

  • Please note that these tips are suggestive and you can change them according to your needs.
  • First of all, instead of sitting for hours at one go, you can divide your study time in various slots (5-6) of one to three hours each and in between each slot, keep some leisure time as that is equally important for the freshening up of your brain.
  • All the topics must be revised about two to three times before the examination.
  • You can choose topics as per your will for the two and three hours slot.
  • What is studied in a week must be revised the very next week in the 3 hours slot or we tend to forget the things and there is a huge possibility that you might miss some very important point.
  • And last but not the least, a healthy diet and a sleep of at least 6 hours is a must.

PCS-J

BASIC INFORMATION

  • Exams :

    The entire PSC-J examination is conducted in three phases:
    (1) Preliminary Examination
    (2) Mains Examination
    (3) Interview (Personality Test)

  • Fees :

    The fees structure of various subjects depends on the various coaching institutes accordingly.

  • How to apply:

    • Candidates can apply online using the official website.
    • Detailed Instruction for filling up the online applications is readily available on the website.
    • Candidates will have to fill all the details in the application form such as the name, age, gender and the educational qualifications etc.
    • Except that, candidates will also have to provide the communication details such as address, email ID, and phone number.
    • The candidates will have to pay the application fees online through the credit card, debit card or net banking.
    • The application fee for the candidates belonging to the general category will be Rs. 125 and for SC and ST, the application fee will be Rs 65 and for the PwDs, the application fee will be Rs. 25.

COURSE DETAILS

PSC-J is one of the best options for the candidates looking out for a career in the field of judiciary at state level. Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC) conducts an examination every year for recruiting candidates for the post of civil judges (Junior Division) in Uttar Pradesh judicial system. Judges, as the impartial decision-makers in the pursuit of justice, hold the most honorable position in the judicial system. Candidates, who are law graduates and have obtained their degree of graduation from a recognized institute, are eligible for applying and appearing for the examination.

COURSE SYLLABUS

  • I. Paper I: GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (Duration: 2 hours, Marks: 150)

    This paper may include questions based on topics relating to History of India and Indian Culture, Geography of India, Indian Polity, Current National Issues and topics of Social relevance, India and the world, Indian Economy, International Affairs and Institutions and development in the field of Science and Technology, Communications and Space.

  • II. Paper II: LAW (Duration: 2 hours, Marks: 300)

    This paper will include day to day happenings around India and the world, particularly in Legal spheres, Acts and laws.

    • • Jurisprudence
    • • International Organizations
    • • Current International Affairs
    • • Indian Constitution
    • • Transfer of Property Act
    • • Indian Evidence Act
    • • Indian Penal Code
    • • Civil Procedure Code
    • • Criminal Procedure Code
    • • Law of Contract
  • (1) Paper 1: GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (Marks: 200)

    This paper may include questions based on topics relating to History of India and Indian Culture, Geography of India, Indian Polity, Current National Issues and topics of Social relevance, India and the World, Indian Economy, International Affairs and Institutions and development in the field of Science and Technology Communications and Space

  • (2) Paper 2: LANGUAGE (Marks: 200)
    • This paper comprises of four questions as specified below:
      • • Essay to be written in English (60 marks)
      • • English Précis writing (60 marks)
      • • Translation of passage from Hindi to English (40 marks)
      • • Translation of passage from English to Hindi (40 marks)
  • (3) Paper 3: LAW-I (SUBSTANTIVE LAW) (Marks: 200)
    The question set will be restricted to the field covered by:
    • • The law of contracts
    • • The law of Partnership
    • • The law concerning easements and torts
    • • The Law relating to transfer of property including the principles of equity, specifically applicable thereto
    • • The principal of Equity with special reference to the Law of trust and specific relief
    • • Hindu Law and Mohammedan Law
    • • Constitutional Law
    There shall be questions of 50 marks in relation to Constitutional Law alone.
  • (4) Paper 4: LAW-II (PROCEDURE AND EVIDENCE) (Marks: 200)
    Questions set will be restricted to the field covered by:
    • • The law of evidence
    • • The Criminal Procedure Code and Code of Civil Procedure, including the principles of pleading.
    • The question set will relate mainly to practical matters such as the framing of charges and issues the methods of dealing with the evidence of witnesses the writing of judgment and the conduct of cases generally but will not be restricted to them.

  • (5) Paper 5: LAW-III (PENAL, REVENUE AND LOCAL LAWS) (Marks: 200)
    Questions set will be restricted to the field covered by:
    • • Indian Penal Code
    • • The Uttar Pradesh Zamindari Abolition and Land reforms Act 1951
    • • Uttar Pradesh, Urban Buildings (Regulation of Letting, Rent and Eviction) Act, 1972
    • • Uttar Pradesh Municipalities Act
    • • U.P. Panchayat Raj Act
    • • U.P. Consolidation of Holding Act, 1953
    • • Uttar Pradesh Urban (Planning and Development) Act 1973, together with rules framed under the aforesaid Acts.
    Answer to the questions of Local Laws will be compulsory. Questions pertaining to Penal Law will be of 50 marks, whereas, that of Revenue and Local Laws will be of 150 marks.

EXAMS

Preliminary Examination

  • The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of objective nature.
  • Paper 1 comprises of 150 Marks while Paper 2 comprises of 300 marks.
  • In paper 1 Questions will be asked for general knowledge while in paper 2 questions will ask from Law.
  • Time Duration for Both Papers will be two Hours (120 Minutes).
  • 1/3rd of the allotted marks will be deducted in case of each wrong answer.
  • No marks will be deducted in case of an unattempted question.
  • The minimum efficiency standard for S.C. & S.T. candidates is fixed 30% i.e. the Candidates of these Categories shall not be placed in the merit/select list if they have secured less than 30% marks in the Preliminary/Main examination. Similarly, the minimum efficiency standard for the candidates of other categories is fixed 40% i.e. such candidates shall not be placed in the merit/ select list if they have secured less than 40% marks in the Preliminary/Main examination. All such candidates who have secured marks less than the marks of minimum efficiency standard as fixed by the Commission shall be treated disqualified.

Mains Examination

  • UPPSC PCS J Mains Exam will conduct under Conventional/ Subjective Mode and only the candidates qualifying the preliminary examinations can give the mains examination
  • There will be five papers in the examination and the pattern of the examination is as follows:
    PaperSubjectNo. of Marks
    Paper 1 General Knowledge 200
    Paper 2 Language 200
    Paper 3 Substantive Law 200
    Paper 4 Procedure and Evidence 200
    Paper 5 Penal, Revenue and Local Laws 200
  • The candidates will have a choice to answer General Knowledge and Law papers either in Hindi or in English.

Viva-Voce

  • The candidates that qualify the mains examination are called for interview.
  • The Interview will be of 100 marks.
  • Though there is no specific syllabus for the interview, the candidate is expected to have a good knowledge of law.

A TYPICAL WEEKLY TIME TABLE

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,
All play and no work makes Jack a mere toy.”

This proverb quite evidently states the importance of the balance that must be maintained between the time one works and the leisure time. Here are some tips, applicable to all the preparatory examinations, for setting up a daily time-table that might help you in achieving this balance:

  • Please note that these tips are suggestive and you can change them according to your needs.
  • First of all, instead of sitting for hours at one go, you can divide your study time in various slots (5-6) of one to three hours each and in between each slot, keep some leisure time as that is equally important for the freshening up of your brain.
  • All the topics must be revised about two to three times before the examination.
  • You can choose topics as per your will for the two and three hours slot.
  • What is studied in a week must be revised the very next week in the 3 hours slot or we tend to forget the things and there is a huge possibility that you might miss some very important point.
  • And last but not the least, a healthy diet and a sleep of at least 6 hours is a must.

TET (Teaching)

BASIC INFORMATION

  • Exams :

    The Teacher Eligibility Test is conducted in two levels
    1) Paper 1: Primary Level (Class 1 to 5) for the primary teacher (PRT)
    (2) Paper 2: Upper Primary Level (Class 5 to 8)

    • If a candidate wants to apply from Class 1 to 8, he/she will have to qualify both the papers.

  • Eligibility Criteria :

    • Eligibility criteria for Paper 1: Senior Secondary or its equivalent, with at least 45 percent marks and two year Diploma in Elementary education/ Four-year Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.)/ Special Education.

    • Eligibility criteria for Paper 2: Graduate in any discipline (B.A./ B.Com/B.Sc.) and a Two-year diploma in Elementary Education (B.Ed)/ Four-year Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.)/ Four-year B.Sc. Education or B.A. Education.

  • Fees :
    Category Only Paper – I or IIBoth Paper – I & II
    General/OBC Rs.600/- Rs.1000/-
    SC/ST/Differently Abled Person Rs.300/- Rs.500/-
  • How to apply:

    • Candidates can apply for CTET online using the official website www.ctet.nic.in
    • For State TET, one can follow the official website of the respective states.
    • Detailed Instruction for filling up the online applications is readily available on the website.

  • Qualifying Mark :
    TET Exam Category Percentage of Qualifying MarksCTET/TET Passing Marks CTET/TET Total Marks
    General 60% 90150
    OBC/SC/ST 55% 82150
  • Validity :
    S. No. Name of TET ExamValidity Year
    1 CTET 7 Years
    1 TET 5 Years

COURSE DETAILS

For a candidate willing to have a career in the field of teaching, qualifying the Teacher Entrance Test or TET has become the minimum criterion for the same. With the implementation of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, requirement of a large number of teachers arose to fulfill the goals laid down by the act. After qualifying TET, a candidate can become a government teacher in both state and central level. Along with the Central government, almost all the State governments also conduct their own TET. Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education, Delhi (CBSE).

After qualifying CTET, a candidate can become a teacher in Central Government schools like KVS, NVS, Central Tibetan Schools, etc. and schools under the administrative control of Union Territories of Chandigarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep and NCT of Delhi.

The exam is based on National Curriculum Framework and the exam is conducted by National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE).

COURSE SYLLABUS

Total Number of Questions: 150
Total Marks: 150
Total Time: 150 Minutes
S. No. SUBJECTNUMBER OF QUESTIONS MARKS
1 Child Development & Pedagogy 3030
2 Mathematics 3030
3 Language-1 3030
4 Language-2 3030
5 Environmental Studies 3030
Total Number of Questions: 150
Total Marks: 150
Total Time: 150 Minutes
S. No. SUBJECTNUMBER OF QUESTIONS MARKS
1 Child Development & Pedagogy 3030
3 Language-1 3030
4 Language-2 3030
5 Science & Mathematics OR Social Science 6060

A TYPICAL WEEKLY TIME TABLE

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,
All play and no work makes Jack a mere toy.”

This proverb quite evidently states the importance of the balance that must be maintained between the time one works and the leisure time. Here are some tips, applicable to all the preparatory examinations, for setting up a daily time-table that might help you in achieving this balance:

  • Please note that these tips are suggestive and you can change them according to your needs.
  • First of all, instead of sitting for hours at one go, you can divide your study time in various slots (5-6) of one to three hours each and in between each slot, keep some leisure time as that is equally important for the freshening up of your brain.
  • All the topics must be revised about two to three times before the examination.
  • You can choose topics as per your will for the two and three hours slot.
  • What is studied in a week must be revised the very next week in the 3 hours slot or we tend to forget the things and there is a huge possibility that you might miss some very important point.
  • And last but not the least, a healthy diet and a sleep of at least 6 hours is a must.

IES (INDIAN ENGINEERING SERVICES)

BASIC INFORMATION

  • Exams :
    The IES examination is conducted in three phases:

    • Preliminary Examination
    • Mains Examination
    • Interview (Personality Test)

  • Fees :

    The fees structure of various subjects depends on the various coaching institutes accordingly.

  • How to apply:

    • Candidates can apply online using the website https://upsc.gov.in/
    • Detailed Instruction for filling up the online applications is readily available on the website.

COURSE DETAILS

Indian Engineering Services (IES), also known as the Engineering Services Examination, is an annual examination organized by the Union Public Services commission (UPSC). Indian Engineering Services is the most pursued career by the engineering graduates and is considered as one of the toughest examination of the country. This examination is conducted especially for four engineering disciplines: Civil, Mechanical, Electrical and Electronics & Telecommunications for the Techno-Managerial posts. The qualified candidates are recruited for posts in various Ministries and Departments of GOI such as Railways, Telecom, Border Roads, CPWD, CWC, CPES, NHAI, Naval Armaments, IDSE, MES, Ordnance Factories etc., however, they can move to any cadre, organization, agency, department, ministry or PSU of the Government of India.

All the finally selected candidates are designated as class-1 officers. The first position offered is that of Assistant Executive engineer and the hierarchy ends at the position of Chairman/ Managing Director

COURSE SYLLABUS

  • • Current issues of national and international importance relating to social, economic and industrial development
  • • Engineering Aptitude covering Logical reasoning and Analytical ability
  • • Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis
  • • General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of Safety
  • • Standards and Quality practices in production, construction, maintenance and services
  • • Basics of Energy and Environment : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, Climate Change, Environmental impact assessment
  • • Basics of Project Management
  • • Basics of Material Science and Engineering
  • • Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their applications in Engineering such as networking, e-governance and technology based education.
  • • Ethics and values in profession of Engineering.
II. Paper II: Engineering Discipline (Preliminary Examination)
Paper I: Engineering Discipline- I (Mains Examination)
Paper II: Engineering Discipline- II (Mains Examination)
  • • Discipline: CIVIL ENGINEERING
    • PAPER – I

      A. Building Materials:
      Stone, Lime, Glass, Plastics, Steel, FRP, Ceramics, Aluminum, Fly Ash, Basic Admixtures, Timber, Bricks and Aggregates: Classification, properties and selection criteria; Cement: Types, Composition, Properties, Uses, Specifications and various Tests; Lime & Cement Mortars and Concrete: Properties and various Tests; Design of Concrete Mixes: Proportioning of aggregates and methods of mix design.

      B. Solid Mechanics:
      Elastic constants, Stress, plane stress, Strains, plane strain, Mohr’s circle of stress and strain, Elastic theories of failure, Principal Stresses, Bending, Shear and Torsion.

      C. Structural Analysis:
      Basics of strength of materials, Types of stresses and strains, Bending moments and shear force, concept of bending and shear stresses; Analysis of determinate and indeterminate structures; Trusses, beams, plane frames; Rolling loads, Influence Lines, Unit load method & other methods; Free and Forced vibrations of single degree and multi degree freedom system; Suspended Cables; Concepts and use of Computer Aided Design.

      D. Design of Steel Structures:
      Principles of Working Stress methods, Design of tension and compression members, Design of beams and beam column connections, built-up sections, Girders, Industrial roofs, Principles of Ultimate load design.

      E. Design of Concrete and Masonry structures:
      Limit state design for bending, shear, axial compression and combined forces; Design of beams, Slabs, Lintels, Foundations, Retaining walls, Tanks, Staircases; Principles of pre-stressed concrete design including materials and methods; Earthquake resistant design of structures; Design of Masonry Structure.

      F. Construction Practice, Planning and Management:
      Construction - Planning, Equipment, Site investigation and Management including Estimation with latest project management tools and network analysis for different Types of works; Analysis of Rates of various types of works; Tendering Process and Contract Management, Quality Control, Productivity, Operation Cost; Land acquisition; Labor safety and welfare.

    • PAPER – II

      A. Flow of Fluids, Hydraulic Machines and Hydro Power:
      (i) Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow, Pipe Flow: Fluid properties; Dimensional Analysis and Modeling; Fluid dynamics including flow kinematics and measurements; Flow net; Viscosity, Boundary layer and control, Drag, Lift, Principles in open channel flow, Flow controls. Hydraulic jump; Surges; Pipe networks.
      (ii) Hydraulic Machines and Hydro power - Various pumps, Air vessels, Hydraulic turbines – types, classifications & performance parameters; Power house – classification and layout, storage, pondage, control of supply.

      B. Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering:
      Hydrological cycle, Ground water hydrology, Well hydrology and related data analysis; Streams and their gauging; River morphology; Flood, drought and their management; Capacity of Reservoirs. Water Resources Engineering : Multipurpose uses of Water, River basins and their potential; Irrigation systems, water demand assessment; Resources - storages and their yields; Water logging, canal and drainage design, Gravity dams, falls, weirs, Energy dissipaters, barrage Distribution works, Cross drainage works and head-works and their design; Concepts in canal design, construction & maintenance; River training, measurement and analysis of rainfall.

      C. Environmental Engineering:
      (i) Water Supply Engineering: Sources, Estimation, quality standards and testing of water and their treatment; Rural, Institutional and industrial water supply; Physical, chemical and biological characteristics and sources of water, Pollutants in water and its effects, Estimation of water demand; Drinking water Standards, Water Treatment Plants, Water distribution networks.
      (ii) Waste Water Engineering: Planning & design of domestic waste water, sewage collection and disposal; Plumbing Systems. Components and layout of sewerage system; Planning & design of Domestic Waste-water disposal system; Sludge management including treatment, disposal and re-use of treated effluents; Industrial waste waters and Effluent Treatment Plants including institutional and industrial sewage management.
      (iii) Solid Waste Management: Sources & classification of solid wastes along with planning & design of its management system; Disposal system, Beneficial aspects of wastes and Utilization by Civil Engineers.
      (iv) Air, Noise pollution and Ecology: Concepts & general methodology.

      D. Geo-technical Engineering and Foundation Engineering :
      (i) Geo-technical Engineering: Soil exploration - planning & methods, Properties of soil, classification, various tests and inter-relationships; Permeability & Seepage, Compressibility, consolidation and Shearing resistance, Earth pressure theories and stress distribution in soil; Properties and uses of geo-synthetics.
      (ii) Foundation Engineering: Types of foundations & selection criteria, bearing capacity, settlement analysis, design and testing of shallow & deep foundations; Slope stability analysis, Earthen embankments, Dams and Earth retaining structures: types, analysis and design, Principles of ground modifications.

      E. Surveying and Geology:
      (i) Surveying: Classification of surveys, various methodologies, instruments & analysis of measurement of distances, elevation and directions; Field astronomy, Global Positioning System; Map preparation; Photogrammetry; Remote sensing concepts; Survey Layout for culverts, canals, bridges, road/railway alignment and buildings, Setting out of Curves.
      (ii) Geology: Basic knowledge of Engineering geology & its application in projects.

      F. Transportation Engineering: Highways - Planning & construction methodology, Alignment and geometric design; Traffic Surveys and Controls; Principles of Flexible and Rigid pavements design; Tunneling - Alignment, methods of construction, disposal of muck, drainage, lighting and ventilation; Railways Systems – Terminology, Planning, designs and maintenance practices; track modernization. Harbors – Terminology, layouts and planning. Airports – Layout, planning & design.

  • • Discipline: MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
    • PAPER – I

      A. Fluid Mechanics:
      Basic Concepts and Properties of Fluids, Manometry, Fluid Statics, Buoyancy, Equations of Motion, Bernoulli’s equation and applications, Viscous flow of incompressible fluids, Laminar and Turbulent flows, Flow through pipes and head losses in pipes.

      B. Thermodynamics and Heat transfer:
      Thermodynamic systems and processes; properties of pure substance; Zeroth, First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics; Entropy, Irreversibility and availability; analysis of thermodynamic cycles related to energy conversion: Rankine, Otto, Diesel and Dual Cycles; ideal and real gases; compressibility factor; Gas mixtures. Modes of heat transfer, Steady and unsteady heat conduction, Thermal resistance, Fins, Free and forced convection, Correlations for convective heat transfer, Radiative heat transfer – Radiation heat transfer co-efficient; boiling and condensation, Heat exchanger performance analysis

      C. IC Engines, Refrigeration and Air conditioning:
      SI and CI Engines, Engine Systems and Components, Performance characteristics and testing of IC Engines; Fuels; Emissions and Emission Control; Vapor compression refrigeration, Refrigerants and Working cycles, Compressors, Condensers, Evaporators and Expansion devices, Other types of refrigeration systems like Vapor Absorption, Vapor jet, thermo electric and Vortex tube refrigeration. Psychometric properties and processes, Comfort chart, Comfort and industrial air conditioning, Load calculations and Heat pumps.

      D. Turbo Machinery:
      Reciprocating and Rotary pumps, Pelton wheel, Kaplan and Francis Turbines, velocity diagrams, Impulse and Reaction principles, Steam and Gas Turbines, Theory of Jet Propulsion – Pulse jet and Ram Jet Engines, Reciprocating and Rotary Compressors – Theory and Applications

      E. Power Plant Engineering:
      Rankine and Brayton cycles with regeneration and reheat, Fuels and their properties, Flue gas analysis, Boilers, steam turbines and other power plant components like condensers, air ejectors, electrostatic precipitators and cooling towers – their theory and design, types and applications;

      F. Renewable Sources of Energy:
      Solar Radiation, Solar Thermal Energy collection - Flat Plate and focusing collectors their materials and performance; Solar Thermal Energy Storage, Applications – heating, cooling and Power Generation; Solar Photovoltaic Conversion; Harnessing of Wind Energy, Bio-mass and Tidal Energy – Methods and Applications, Working principles of Fuel Cells.

    • PAPER – II

      A. Engineering Mechanics:
      Analysis of System of Forces, Friction, Centroid and Centre of Gravity, Dynamics; Stresses and Strains-Compound Stresses and Strains, Bending Moment and Shear Force Diagrams, Theory of Bending Stresses- Slope and deflection-Torsion, Thin and thick Cylinders, Spheres.

      B. Engineering Materials:
      Basic Crystallography, Alloys and Phase diagrams, Heat Treatment, Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals, Non metallic materials, Basics of Nano-materials, Mechanical Properties and Testing, Corrosion prevention and control

      C. Mechanisms and Machines:
      Types of Kinematics Pair, Mobility, Inversions, Kinematic Analysis, Velocity and Acceleration Analysis of Planar Mechanisms, CAMs with uniform acceleration and retardation, cycloidal motion, oscillating followers; Vibrations –Free and forced vibration of undamped and damped SDOF systems, Transmissibility Ratio, Vibration Isolation, Critical Speed of Shafts. Gears – Geometry of tooth profiles, Law of gearing, Involute profile, Interference, Helical, Spiral and Worm Gears, Gear Trains- Simple, compound and Epicyclic; Dynamic Analysis – Slider – crank mechanisms, turning moment computations, balancing of Revolving & Reciprocating masses, Gyroscopes –Effect of Gyroscopic couple on automobiles, ships and aircrafts, Governors.

      D. Design of Machine Elements:
      Design for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue strength and the S-N diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as riveted, welded and bolted joints. Shafts, Spur gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, Brakes and clutches, flywheels.

      E. Manufacturing, Industrial and Maintenance Engineering:
      Metal casting-Metal forming, Metal Joining, Machining and machine tool operations, Limits, fits and tolerances, Metrology and inspection, computer Integrated manufacturing, FMS, Production planning and Control, Inventory control and operations research - CPM-PERT. Failure concepts and characteristics-Reliability, Failure analysis, Machine Vibration, Data acquisition, Fault Detection, Vibration Monitoring, Field Balancing of Rotors, Noise Monitoring, Wear and Debris Analysis, Signature Analysis, NDT Techniques in Condition Monitoring.

      F. Mechatronics and Robotics:
      Microprocessors and Microcontrollers: Architecture, programming, I/O, Computer interfacing, Programmable logic controller. Sensors and actuators, Piezoelectric accelerometer, Hall effect sensor, Optical Encoder, Resolver, Inductosyn, Pneumatic and Hydraulic actuators, stepper motor, Control Systems- Mathematical modeling of Physical systems, control signals, controllability and observability. Robotics, Robot Classification, Robot Specification, notation; Direct and Inverse Kinematics; Homogeneous Coordinates and Arm Equation of four Axis SCARA Robot

  • • Discipline: ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
    • PAPER – I

      A. Engineering Mathematics:
      Matrix theory, Eigen values & Eigen vectors, system of linear equations, Numerical methods for solution of non-linear algebraic equations and differential equations, integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, Line, Surface and Volume Integrals. Fourier series, linear, non-linear and partial differential equations, initial and boundary value problems, complex variables, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, residue theorem, probability and statistics fundamentals, Sampling theorem, random variables, Normal and Poisson distributions, correlation and regression analysis.

      B. Electrical Materials:
      Electrical Engineering Materials, crystal structures and defects, ceramic materials, insulating materials, magnetic materials – basics, properties and applications; ferrities, ferro-magnetic materials and components; basics of solid state physics, conductors; Photo-conductivity; Basics of Nanomaterials and Superconductors.

      C. Electric Circuits and Fields:
      Circuit elements, network graph, KCL, KVL, Node and Mesh analysis, ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer theorems, transient response of DC and AC networks, Sinusoidal steady state analysis, basic filter concepts, two-port networks, three phase circuits, Magnetically coupled circuits, Gauss Theorem, electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions, Ampere’s and Biot-Savart’s laws; inductance, dielectrics, capacitance; Maxwell’s equations.

      D. Electrical and Electronic Measurements:
      Principles of measurement, accuracy, precision and standards; Bridges and potentiometers; moving coil, moving iron, dynamometer and induction type instruments, measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor, instrument transformers, digital voltmeters and multi-meters, phase, time and frequency measurement, Q-meters, oscilloscopes, potentiometric recorders, error analysis, Basics of sensors, Transducers, basics of data acquisition systems

      E. Computer Fundamentals:
      Number systems, Boolean algebra, arithmetic functions, Basic Architecture, Central Processing Unit, I/O and Memory Organization; peripheral devices, data representation and programming, basics of Operating system and networking, virtual memory, file systems; Elements of programming languages, typical examples.

      F. Basic Electronics Engineering:
      Basics of Semiconductor diodes and transistors and characteristics, Junction and field effect transistors (BJT, FET and MOSFETS), different types of transistor amplifiers, equivalent circuits and frequency response; oscillators and other circuits, feedback amplifiers

    • PAPER – II

      A. Analog and Digital Electronics:
      Operational amplifiers – characteristics and applications, combinational and sequential logic circuits, multiplexers, multi-vibrators, sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, basics of filter circuits and applications, simple active filters; Microprocessor basics- interfaces and applications, basics of linear integrated circuits; Analog communication basics, Modulation and de-modulation, noise and bandwidth, transmitters and receivers, signal to noise ratio, digital communication basics, sampling, quantizing, coding, frequency and time domain multiplexing, power line carrier communication systems.

      B. Systems and Signal Processing:
      Representation of continuous and discrete-time signals, shifting and scaling operations, linear, time-invariant and causal systems, Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals, sampling theorem, Fourier and Laplace transforms, Z transforms, Discrete Fourier transform, FFT, linear convolution, discrete cosine transform, FIR filter, IIR filter, bilinear transformation.

      C. Control Systems:
      Principles of feedback, transfer function, block diagrams and signal flow graphs, steady-state errors, transforms and their applications; Routh-Hurwitz criterion, Nyquist techniques, Bode plots, root loci, lag, lead and lead-lag compensation, stability analysis, transient and frequency response analysis, state space model, state transition matrix, controllability and observability, linear state variable feedback, PID and industrial controllers.

      D. Electrical Machines:
      Single phase transformers, three phase transformers - connections, parallel operation, auto-transformer, energy conversion principles, DC machines - types, windings, generator characteristics, armature reaction and commutation, starting and speed control of motors, Induction motors - principles, types, performance characteristics, starting and speed control, Synchronous machines - performance, regulation, parallel operation of generators, motor starting, characteristics and applications, servo and stepper motors.

      E. Power Systems:
      Basic power generation concepts, steam, gas and water turbines, transmission line models and performance, cable performance, insulation, corona and radio interference, power factor correction, symmetrical components, fault analysis, principles of protection systems, basics of solid state relays and digital protection; Circuit breakers, Radial and ring-main distribution systems, Matrix representation of power systems, load flow analysis, voltage control and economic operation, System stability concepts, Swing curves and equal area criterion. HVDC transmission and FACTS concepts, Concepts of power system dynamics, distributed generation, solar and wind power, smart grid concepts, environmental implications, fundamentals of power economics.

      F. Power Electronics and Drives:
      Semiconductor power diodes, transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs and IGBTs - static characteristics and principles of operation, triggering circuits, phase control rectifiers, bridge converters - fully controlled and half controlled, principles of choppers and inverters, basis concepts of adjustable speed dc and ac drives, DC-DC switched mode converters, DC-AC switched mode converters, resonant converters, high frequency inductors and transformers, power supplies.

  • • Discipline: ELECTRONICS & TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING
    • PAPER – I

      A. Basic Electronics Engineering:
      Basics of semiconductors; Diode/Transistor basics and characteristics; Diodes for different uses; Junction & Field Effect Transistors (BJTs, JFETs, MOSFETs); Transistor amplifiers of different types, oscillators and other circuits; Basics of Integrated Circuits (ICs); Bipolar, MOS and CMOS ICs; Basics of linear ICs, operational amplifiers and their applications-linear/non-linear; Optical sources/detectors; Basics of Opto electronics and its applications.

      B. Basic Electrical Engineering:
      DC circuits-Ohm’s & Kirchoff’s laws, mesh and nodal analysis, circuit theorems; Electro-magnetism, Faraday’s & Lenz’s laws, induced EMF and its uses; Single-phase AC circuits; Transformers, efficiency; Basics-DC machines, induction machines, and synchronous machines; Electrical power sources - basics: hydroelectric, thermal, nuclear, wind, solar; Basics of batteries and their uses.

      C. Materials Science:
      Electrical Engineering materials; Crystal structure & defects; Ceramic materials-structures, composites, processing and uses; Insulating laminates for electronics, structures, properties and uses; Magnetic materials, basics, classification, ferrites, ferro/para-magnetic materials and components; Nanomaterials-basics, preparation, purification, sintering, nano-particles and uses; Nano-optical/magnetic/electronic materials and uses; Superconductivity, uses.

      D. Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation:
      Principles of measurement, accuracy, precision and standards; Analog and Digital systems for measurement, measuring instruments for different applications; Static/dynamic characteristics of measurement systems, errors, statistical analysis and curve fitting; Measurement systems for non-electrical quantities; Basics of telemetry; Different types of transducers and displays; Data acquisition system basics.

      E. Network Theory:
      Network graphs & matrices; Wye-Delta transformation; Linear constant coefficient differential equations- time domain analysis of RLC circuits; Solution of network equations using Laplace transforms- frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits; 2-port network parameters-driving point & transfer functions; State equations for networks; Steady state sinusoidal analysis.

      F. Analog and Digital Circuits:
      Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTS and FETs; Diode circuits for different uses; Biasing & stability of BJT & JFET amplifier circuits; Analysis/design of amplifier- single/multi-stage; Feedback& uses; Active filters, timers, multipliers, wave shaping, A/D-D/A converters; Boolean Algebra& uses; Logic gates, Digital IC families, Combinatorial/sequential circuits; Basics of multiplexers, counters/registers/ memories /microprocessors, design& applications.

    • PAPER – II

      A. Analog and Digital Communication Systems:
      Random signals, noise, probability theory, information theory; Analog versus digital communication & applications: Systems- AM, FM, transmitters/receivers, theory/practice/ standards, SNR comparison; Digital communication basics: Sampling, quantizing, coding, PCM, DPCM, multiplexing-audio/video; Digital modulation: ASK, FSK, PSK; Multiple access: TDMA, FDMA, CDMA; Optical communication: fiber optics, theory, practice/standards.

      B. Control Systems:
      Classification of signals and systems; Application of signal and system theory; System realization; Transforms& their applications; Signal flow graphs, Routh-Hurwitz criteria, root loci, Nyquist/Bode plots; Feedback systems-open &close loop types, stability analysis, steady state, transient and frequency response analysis; Design of control systems, compensators, elements of lead/lag compensation, PID and industrial controllers.

      C. Computer Organization and Architecture:
      Basic architecture, CPU, I/O organization, memory organization, peripheral devices, trends; Hardware /software issues; Data representation& Programming; Operating systems-basics, processes, characteristics, applications; Memory management, virtual memory, file systems, protection & security; Data bases, different types, characteristics and design; Transactions and concurrency control; Elements of programming languages, typical examples.

      D. Electro Magnetics:
      Elements of vector calculus, Maxwell’s equations-basic concepts; Gauss’, Stokes’ theorems; Wave propagation through different media; Transmission Lines-different types, basics, Smith’s chart, impedance matching/transformation, S-parameters, pulse excitation, uses; Waveguides-basics, rectangular types, modes, cut-off frequency, dispersion, dielectric types; Antennas-radiation pattern, monopoles/dipoles, gain, arrays-active/passive, theory, uses.

      E. Advanced Electronics Topics:
      VLSI technology: Processing, lithography, interconnects, packaging, testing; VLSI design: Principles, MUX/ROM/PLA-based design, Moore & Mealy circuit design; Pipeline concepts & functions; Design for testability, examples; DSP: Discrete time signals/systems, uses; Digital filters: FIR/IIR types, design, speech/audio/radar signal processing uses; Microprocessors & microcontrollers, basics, interrupts, DMA, instruction sets, interfacing; Controllers & uses; Embedded systems.

      F. Advanced Communication Topics:
      Communication networks: Principles /practices /technologies /uses /OSI model/security; Basic packet multiplexed streams/scheduling; Cellular networks, types, analysis, protocols (TCP/TCPIP); Microwave & satellite communication: Terrestrial/space type LOS systems, block schematics link calculations, system design; Communication satellites, orbits, characteristics, systems, uses; Fibre-optic communication systems, block schematics, link calculations, system design.

EXAMS

Preliminary Examination

  • The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of objective nature.
    STAGE-I PAPER TYPEDURATION MARKS
    Paper-I General Studies and Engineering Aptitude 2 hours200
    Paper-II Engineering Discipline (CE/ME/EE/E&T) 3 hours300
  • Total Marks: 500
  • Minimum Qualifying Marks for each paper will be decided by the commission conducting the examination.

Mains Examination

  • Only the candidates qualifying at the preliminary stage will be allowed to appear for the mains examination
    STAGE-II PAPER TYPEDURATION MARKS
    Paper-I Engineering Discipline-I (CE/ME/EE/E&T) 3 hours300
    Paper-II Engineering Discipline-II (CE/ME/EE/E&T) 3 hours300
  • Total Marks: 600
  • Total Marks (Mains & Prelims): 1100

Interview (Personality Test)

  • Candidates qualifying both the Preliminary and the Mains stage will be called for the Interview.
  • The Interview accounts for 200 marks.
  • Total Marks (Prelims + Mains + Interview): 1300
  • Only the candidates qualifying all the three stages will be included in the Final Merit List of Indian Engineering Services Examination.

A TYPICAL WEEKLY TIME TABLE

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,
All play and no work makes Jack a mere toy.”

This proverb quite evidently states the importance of the balance that must be maintained between the time one works and the leisure time. Here are some tips, applicable to all the preparatory examinations, for setting up a daily time-table that might help you in achieving this balance:

  • Please note that these tips are suggestive and you can change them according to your needs.
  • First of all, instead of sitting for hours at one go, you can divide your study time in various slots (5-6) of one to three hours each and in between each slot, keep some leisure time as that is equally important for the freshening up of your brain.
  • All the topics must be revised about two to three times before the examination.
  • You can choose topics as per your will for the two and three hours slot.
  • What is studied in a week must be revised the very next week in the 3 hours slot or we tend to forget the things and there is a huge possibility that you might miss some very important point.
  • And last but not the least, a healthy diet and a sleep of at least 6 hours is a must.

IBPS PO

BASIC INFORMATION

  • Exams :
    The examination is conducted in three phases:

    • Preliminary Examination
    • Mains Examination
    • Interview

  • Fees :

    The fees structure of various subjects depends on the various coaching institutes accordingly.

  • How to apply:

    • Candidates can apply online using the official website
    • Detailed Instruction for filling up the online applications is readily available on the website.

COURSE DETAILS

IBPS PO is one of the most sought examinations for the candidates willing to have a career in the banking sector. This is a Common Written Examination (IBPS PO/MT) conducted by Institute of Banking and Personnel Selection for recruitment in various banks on National level.

COURSE SYLLABUS

a) QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE

  • Ratio and proportion
  • Averages
  • Time and work
  • Speed, Distance and time
  • Mixture and allegation
  • Stocks and shares
  • Percentages
  • Partnership
  • Clocks
  • Volume and surface Area
  • Height and Distances
  • Logarithms
  • Permutation and combinations
  • Simple and compound interest
  • Equations
  • Probability
  • Trigonometry
  • Profit, Loss and Discount
  • Mensuration
  • Elements of Algebra
  • Data Interpretation
    • Pie charts
    • Tables
    • Bar & Graphs
    • Line charts

b) REASONING

  • Verbal reasoning
    • Analogy
    • Classification
    • Word formation
    • Statement and conclusions
    • Syllogism
    • Statement and assumptions
    • Statement and arguments
    • Coding Decoding
    • Blood Relations
    • Passage and conclusions
    • Alphabet test
    • Series Test
    • Number, Ranking and time sequence
    • Direction sense Test
    • Decision making test
    • Figure series
    • Input/output, Assertion and reasoning
    • Sitting Arrangement
  • Non-Verbal reasoning
    • Series test
    • Odd figure out
    • Analogy
    • Miscellaneous Test etc.

c) ENGLISH LANGUAGE

  • Vocabulary
    • Homonyms
    • Antonyms
    • Synonyms
    • Word Formation
    • Spelling
  • Grammar
    • Spotting Errors
    • Phrases and idioms
    • Direct and Indirect speech
    • Active/ Passive voice
  • Reading Comprehension
    • Theme Detection
    • Passage completion
    • Topic rearrangement of passage
    • Deriving Conclusion

d) GENERAL AWARENESS

  • Current affairs related to national and international issues of last 6 months.
  • Overview of Indian Financial System
  • History of Indian banking system
  • Recent credit and monetary policies
  • Introduction to National financial institutions like RBI, SEBI, IRDA, FSDC etc and of International organizations like IMF, World Bank, ADB, UN etc.
  • Abbreviations and Economic terminologies
  • Banking Terms
  • Important Government Schemes on capital & money market

e) COMPUTER KNOWLEDGE

  • Basics of Hardware and software
  • Windows operating system basics
  • Internet terms and services
  • Basic Functionalities of MS-Office (MS-word, MS-Excel, MS-PowerPoint)
  • History of computers
  • Networking and communication
  • Database basics
  • Basics of Hacking, Security Tools and Viruses

EXAMS

Preliminary Examination

S.NO. NAME OF TESTS NO. OF QUESTIONS MAXIMUM MARKS DURATION
1 English Language 303020 Minutes
2 Numerical Ability 353520 Minutes
3 Reasoning Ability 353520 Minutes
Total 100 10060 Minutes
  • This paper is of objective nature.
  • 0.25 marks will be deducted in case of each wrong answer.
  • No marks will be deducted in case of an unattempted question.
  • It is necessary to clear the cut-off in all 3 sections to qualify for the IBPS PO Main exam

Mains Examination

  • The Candidates who will qualify the Preliminary Examination stage will be allowed to appear for the Mains Examination.
  • The Candidates who will qualify the Preliminary Examination stage will be allowed to appear for the Mains Examination.

    • IBPS has introduced a Descriptive Paper in its Mains Examination to analyze the writing skills of the candidate. This paper will consist of an essay and a letter and will constitute of 25 marks. Total time duration will be of 30 minutes.
    • ‘Quantitative Aptitude’ has been renamed as ‘Data Interpretation & Analysis’
    • No separate paper will be conducted for Computer Applications. Reasoning has been clubbed with Computer Aptitude section and this entire section will contain 45 questions of a total of 60 marks.
    • The time allotted for each section has been changed.
    • The overall time allotted for the entire Mains Exam has also been changed from 140 minutes to 180 minutes. The Main Examination will now have 155 questions instead of 200 questions.

    S.NO. NAME OF TESTS NO. OF QUESTIONS MAXIMUM MARKS MEDIUM OF EXAMINATION TIME ALLOTTED
    1 Reasoning & Computer Aptitude 4560 English & Hindi60 Minutes
    2 English Language 3540English only40 Minutes
    3 Data Analysis and Interpretation 3540English & Hindi45 Minutes
    3 General, Economy/Banking Awareness 4040English & Hindi35 Minutes
    Total 155 200180 Minutes
    English Language (Letter Writing & Essay) 2 25English30 Minutes

Interview

  • Candidates who will qualify the Mains Examination will be called for Interview.
  • The Interview Process will constitute of 100 marks and the minimum marks for qualifying this round are 40% which has been reduced to 35% for candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC/PWD categories

A TYPICAL WEEKLY TIME TABLE

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,
All play and no work makes Jack a mere toy.”

This proverb quite evidently states the importance of the balance that must be maintained between the time one works and the leisure time. Here are some tips, applicable to all the preparatory examinations, for setting up a daily time-table that might help you in achieving this balance:

  • Please note that these tips are suggestive and you can change them according to your needs.
  • First of all, instead of sitting for hours at one go, you can divide your study time in various slots (5-6) of one to three hours each and in between each slot, keep some leisure time as that is equally important for the freshening up of your brain.
  • All the topics must be revised about two to three times before the examination.
  • You can choose topics as per your will for the two and three hours slot.
  • What is studied in a week must be revised the very next week in the 3 hours slot or we tend to forget the things and there is a huge possibility that you might miss some very important point.
  • And last but not the least, a healthy diet and a sleep of at least 6 hours is a must.

NDA

BASIC INFORMATION

  • Exams :
    The entire NDA examination is conducted in three phases:

    1) Written Examination
    2) Interview
    3) Medical Test

  • Fees :

    The fees structure of various subjects depends on the various coaching institutes accordingly.

COURSE DETAILS

The National Defense Academy, formally known as NDA is the Joint Service Academy for the Indian Armed Forces. Cadets of three armed services including Army, Navy and Air Force are trained together in the academy, prior to the second stage of the pre-commissioning training. NDA has been recognized as the first tri-service academy in the world. Candidates are accepted in the academy by an annual examination conducted by UPSC, followed by an extensive interview conducted by SSB. The qualified candidates are then called for a medical test for checking the candidate’s overall health and physical fitness.

Around 4, 50,000 applicants appear for the exam every year, out of which only 6,300 qualify for the interview round. Out of these, only 320 cadets are accepted to the academy, each semester. 70 for Air force, 42 for Navy and 208 cadets for the army.

COURSE SYLLABUS

PAPER I:
MATHEMATICS

  • Algebra
  • Differential Calculus
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Integral Calculus and Differential Equations
  • Trigonometry
  • Vector Algebra
  • Analytical Geometry of Two and Three Dimensions
  • Statistics and Probability

PAPER II:

a) PHYSICS

  • Physical Properties and States of Matter
  • Modes of transference of Heat
  • Mass
  • Sound waves and their properties
  • Weight
  • Simple musical instruments
  • Volume
  • Rectilinear propagation of Light
  • Density and Specific Gravity
  • Reflection and refraction
  • Principle of Archimedes
  • Spherical mirrors and Lenses
  • Pressure Barometer
  • Human Eye
  • Motion of objects
  • Natural and Artificial Magnets
  • Velocity and Acceleration
  • Properties of a Magnet
  • Newton’s Laws of Motion
  • Earth as a Magnet
  • Force and Momentum
  • Static and Current Electricity
  • Parallelogram of Forces
  • Conductors and Non-conductors
  • Stability and Equilibrium of bodies
  • Ohm’s Law
  • Gravitation
  • Simple Electrical Circuits
  • Elementary ideas of work
  • Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current
  • Power and Energy
  • Measurement of Electrical Power
  • Effects of Heat
  • Primary and Secondary Cells
  • Measurement of Temperature and Heat
  • Use of X-Rays
  • General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.

b) CHEMISTRY

  • Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon— different forms
  • Physical and Chemical Changes
  • Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial
  • Elements
  • Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gunpowder
  • Mixtures and Compounds
  • Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom
  • Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equation
  • Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights
  • Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)
  • Valency
  • Properties of Air and Water

c) GENERAL SCIENCE

  • Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention
  • Difference between the living and non-living
  • Food—Source of Energy for man
  • Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasm and Tissues
  • Constituents of food
  • Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
  • Balanced Diet
  • Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs
  • The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists

d) HISTORY

  • Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance
  • A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilization
  • Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution
  • Freedom Movement in India
  • Impact of Science and Technology on Society
  • Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration
  • Concept of one World
  • Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
  • United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism
  • Panchayati Raj
  • Role of India in the present world
  • Co-operatives and Community Development
  • A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilization
  • Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State
  • Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi

e) GEOGRAPHY

  • The Earth, its shape and size
  • Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition
  • Latitudes and Longitudes
  • Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation
  • Concept of time
  • Types of Climate
  • International Date Line
  • Major Natural regions of the World
  • Movements of Earth and their effects
  • Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities
  • Origin of Earth, Rocks and their classification
  • Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India
  • Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
  • Main items of Imports and Exports of India

f) CURRENT AFFAIRS

  • Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years
  • Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports
  • Current important world events

EXAMS

Written Examination

  • The written exam is of objective nature and consists of two papers of two and a half hours each.
  • Paper I: Mathematics (Marks: 300)
  • Paper II: General Ability Test (No. of Questions: 150, Marks: 600)
  • Total Marks: 900
  • 1/3rd of the allotted marks will be deducted in case of each wrong answer.
  • No marks will be deducted in case of an unattempted question.
  • The question paper of Mathematics and PART B of General Ability test will be available in both English and Hindi languages

Interview

  • This is conducted by SSB.
  • The interview is of 900 marks.

A TYPICAL WEEKLY TIME TABLE

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,
All play and no work makes Jack a mere toy.”

This proverb quite evidently states the importance of the balance that must be maintained between the time one works and the leisure time. Here are some tips, applicable to all the preparatory examinations, for setting up a daily time-table that might help you in achieving this balance:

  • Please note that these tips are suggestive and you can change them according to your needs.
  • First of all, instead of sitting for hours at one go, you can divide your study time in various slots (5-6) of one to three hours each and in between each slot, keep some leisure time as that is equally important for the freshening up of your brain.
  • All the topics must be revised about two to three times before the examination.
  • You can choose topics as per your will for the two and three hours slot.
  • What is studied in a week must be revised the very next week in the 3 hours slot or we tend to forget the things and there is a huge possibility that you might miss some very important point.
  • And last but not the least, a healthy diet and a sleep of at least 6 hours is a must.

UPSSSC

BASIC INFORMATION

  • Exams :
    The entire NDA examination is conducted in three phases:

    1) Written Examination
    2) Interview

  • Fees :

    The fees structure of various subjects depends on the various coaching institutes accordingly.

  • How to apply:

    • Candidates can apply online using the official website.
    • Detailed Instruction for filling up the online applications is readily available on the website.

COURSE DETAILS

The Uttar Pradesh Subordinate Services Selection Commission, or UPSSSC, that was constituted under the provision of the U.P. Subordinate Services Selection Commission Act 2014, conducts various examinations for appointment to various posts in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

COURSE SYLLABUS

a) General Intelligence Test

  • Alphabet Series.
  • Data Interpretation.
  • Analogy.
  • Statements & Arguments.
  • Directions.
  • Number Ranking.
  • Non-Verbal Series.
  • Arithmetical Reasoning.
  • Decision Making.
  • Clocks & Calendars.
  • Statements & Conclusions.
  • Number Series.
  • Mirror Images.
  • Blood Relations.
  • Cubes and Dice.
  • Syllogism
  • Coding-Decoding.
  • Embedded Figures.

b) General Knowledge

  • Current Events
  • Famous Personalities
  • States & Capitals
  • Current GK
  • Daily News
  • Countries and Capitals
  • Culture
  • Scientific Research
  • Sports
  • History
  • Economic Scene
  • Geography
  • Countries & Currencies
  • Sports & Games
  • National & International affairs
  • Indian Constitution
  • Art & Culture

c) General Hindi

  • संधि समास
  • अनेकार्थी शब्द
  • तत्सम एवं तद्भव देशज विदेशी (शब्द भंडार)
  • वर्तनी
  • हिंदी भाषा के प्रयोग में होने वाली अशुद्धियाँ
  • मुहावरे एवं लोकोक्तियाँ
  • क्रियाएँ
  • विलोम शब्द
  • पर्यायवाची शब्द
  • रस.
  • वाक्याशों के लिये एक शब्द निर्माण.
  • लोकोक्तियां एवं मुहावरे.
  • शब्द-रूप
  • अर्थबोध
  • वाक्यसंशोधन- लिंग,
  • वचन,
  • कारक,
  • काल,
  • त्रुटि से संबंधित
  • हिंदी वर्णमाला विराम चिन्ह
  • शब्द रचना
  • वाक्य रचना

d) General Science & Arithmetic

  • Time and Work.
  • Height and Distance.
  • Numbers.
  • Square Root and Cube Root.
  • Time and Distance.
  • Ratio and Proportion.
  • Decimal Fraction.
  • Compound Interest.
  • Chain Rule.
  • Logarithm.
  • Boats and Streams.
  • Volume and Surface Area.
  • Simplification.
  • Pipes and Cistern.
  • Area.
  • Banker’s Discount.
  • Stocks and Share.
  • Average.
  • Permutation and Combination.
  • Races and Games.
  • Probability.
  • Allegation or Mixture.
  • Problems on Ages.
  • Surds and Indices.
  • Partnership.
  • Problems on H.C.F and L.C.M.

EXAMS

NAME OF THE SUBJECT No. OF QUESTIONS No. OF MARKS DURATION
General Intelligence Test 50 100 2 Hours
Hindi 50 100
General Science & Arithmetic 50 100
General Knowledge Test 50 100
TOTAL 200 400
  • This paper is of objective nature.
  • 2 marks will be deducted in case of each wrong answer.
  • No marks will be deducted in case of an unattempted question.
  • Candidates that qualify the written examination are called for Interview followed by Document Verification.

A TYPICAL WEEKLY TIME TABLE

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,
All play and no work makes Jack a mere toy.”

This proverb quite evidently states the importance of the balance that must be maintained between the time one works and the leisure time. Here are some tips, applicable to all the preparatory examinations, for setting up a daily time-table that might help you in achieving this balance:

  • Please note that these tips are suggestive and you can change them according to your needs.
  • First of all, instead of sitting for hours at one go, you can divide your study time in various slots (5-6) of one to three hours each and in between each slot, keep some leisure time as that is equally important for the freshening up of your brain.
  • All the topics must be revised about two to three times before the examination.
  • You can choose topics as per your will for the two and three hours slot.
  • What is studied in a week must be revised the very next week in the 3 hours slot or we tend to forget the things and there is a huge possibility that you might miss some very important point.
  • And last but not the least, a healthy diet and a sleep of at least 6 hours is a must.

SSC CGL

BASIC INFORMATION

  • Exams :
    The examination is conducted in four phases:
    TIER TIERMODE
    Tier – I Objective Multiple Choice Computer Based (online)
    Tier – II Objective Multiple Choice Computer Based (online)
    Tier – III Descriptive Paper in English/Hindi Pen and Paper mode
    Tier – IV Skill Test/Computer Proficiency Test Wherever Applicable
  • Fees :

    The fees structure of various subjects depends on the various coaching institutes accordingly.

  • How to apply:

    • Candidates can apply online using the official website ssc.nic.in
    • Detailed Instruction for filling up the online applications is readily available on the website.

COURSE DETAILS

With the Government jobs being one of the most desired ones till date, SSC has become one of the most sought organizations for Government exams in India. The Staff Selection Commission that was established in 1975 conducts Combined Graduate Level - SSC CGL exam annually for recruitment to non-technical Group ‘B’ and Group ‘C’ non-gazetted posts in various Ministries/ Departments/ Organizations of the Government of India, including:

• Assistants in Ministries/Departments, Attached and Subordinate office of the Government of India
• Inspectors of Central Excise and Customs
• Inspectors of Income Tax
• Preventive Officers in Customs
• Examiner in Customs
• Sub-Inspectors in Central Bureau of Narcotics and CBI
• Assistant Enforcement Officer in Directorate of Enforcement, Department of Revenue
• Divisional Accountant, Junior Accountant, Auditor and UDCs in various offices of Government of India
• Auditor Offices under C&AG, CGDA, CGA and others
• Accountant/Junior Accountant
• Tax Assistant in CBDT and CBEC
• Compiler in Registrar General of India

COURSE SYLLABUS

NOTE: The Syllabus for RRB NTPC Preliminary Examination and Mains Examination are same

TIER – I

GENERAL INTELLIGENCE AND REASONING GENERAL AWARENESS QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE ENGLISH COMPREHENSION
Classification Static General Knowledge (Indian History, Culture etc.) Simplification Reading Comprehension
Analogy Science Interest Fill in the Blanks
Coding-Decoding Current Affairs Averages Spellings
Puzzle Sports Percentage Phrases and Idioms
Matrix Books and Authors Ratio and Proportion One word Substitution
Word Formation Important Schemes Problem on Ages Sentence Correction
Venn Diagram Portfolios Speed, Distance and Time Error Spotting
Direction and Distance People in News Number System
Blood Relations Mensuration
Series Data Interpretation
Verbal reasoning Time and Work
Non-Verbal Reasoning Algebra
Trigonometry
Geometry

TIER – II

QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE ENGLISH LANGUAGE STATISTICS GENERAL AWARENESS
Simplification Reading Comprehension Collection and Representation of Data Finance and Accounting
Interest Spelling Measure of Dispersion Fundamental Principles
Averages Fill in the Blanks Measure of Central Tendency Financial Accounting
Percentage Phrases and Idioms Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis Basic Concepts of Accounting
Ratio and Proportion One Word Substitution Correlation and Regression Self-Balancing Ledger
Speed, Distance and Time Sentence Correction Random Variables Error Spotting and Correction
Number System Error Spotting Random Variables
Mensuration Cloze Test Sampling Theory Economics and Governance
Data Interpretation Para Jumbles Analysis and Variance Comptroller and Auditor General of India
Time and Work Synonyms-Antonyms Time Series Analysis Finance Commission
Algebra Active-Passive Voice Index Number Theory of Demand and Supply
Trigonometry
Geometry
Data Sufficiency

TIER – III

Essay, Letter, Precis Writing, etc. in English or Hindi

TIER – VI

• Data Entry Speed Test (DEST)
• Computer Proficiency Test (CPT)

EXAMS

TIER – I

  • This exam is of objective nature and conducted in online mode.
  • This phase consists of four sections.
  • Total No. of Questions: 100
  • Total Marks: 200
  • There is a negative marking of 0.50 Marks for each wrong answer.
  • There is no sectional cut off.
  • No marks will be deducted in case of an unattempted question.

This paper is of objective nature of the following pattern:

S.No.SECTIONS No. OF QUESTIONS TIME ALLOTTED DURATION
1 General Intelligence and Reasoning 25 25 A cumulative time of 60 minutes
2General Awareness 25 50
3Quantitative Aptitude 25 50
3English Comprehension 25 50
TOTAL 100 200

TIER-II

  • This exam is of objective nature and conducted in online mode.
  • This phase consists of four sections.
  • Total No. of Questions: 400(100 in each section)
  • Total Marks: 800 (200 in each section)
  • There is a negative marking of 0.25 Marks for each wrong answer.
  • There is no sectional cut off.
  • No marks will be deducted in case of an unattempted question.
S.No.SECTIONS No. OF QUESTIONS TIME ALLOTTED DURATION
1 Quantitative Ability 100 200 2 Hours
2English Language and Comprehension 200 200 2 Hours
3Statistics 100 200 2 Hours
4General Studies (Finance and Economics) 100 200 2 Hours
TOTAL 400 800

TIER-III

  • This exam is of descriptive nature.
  • This paper can be given either in Hindi or English and comprises of 100 marks.
SUBJECTMARKS TIME
Descriptive Paper in English/Hindi (Writing of Essay, Precis, Letter, Application etc.) 100 1 hour or 60 minutes

TIER-IV

  • DATA ENTRY SPEED TEST (DEST): This tier is conducted for the candidates who have applied for the post of Tax Assistant (Central Excise and Income Tax) and aims at checking the typing speed of the candidate where the candidates are given an article in English which they have to type on Computer. A candidate is required to type 2000 words in 15 minutes to qualify this phase.
  • COMPUTER PROFICIENCY TEST (CPT): This tier is conducted for the candidates who have applied for the post of CSS, MEA, Inspector (Central Excise), Inspector (Preventive Officer), and Inspector (Examiner). This test is conducted to check a candidate's proficiency in Word Processing, Spreadsheets and Generation of Slides.

NOTE: The provision for Interview has been removed from 2016 onwards.

A TYPICAL WEEKLY TIME TABLE

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,
All play and no work makes Jack a mere toy.”

This proverb quite evidently states the importance of the balance that must be maintained between the time one works and the leisure time. Here are some tips, applicable to all the preparatory examinations, for setting up a daily time-table that might help you in achieving this balance:

  • Please note that these tips are suggestive and you can change them according to your needs.
  • First of all, instead of sitting for hours at one go, you can divide your study time in various slots (5-6) of one to three hours each and in between each slot, keep some leisure time as that is equally important for the freshening up of your brain.
  • All the topics must be revised about two to three times before the examination.
  • You can choose topics as per your will for the two and three hours slot.
  • What is studied in a week must be revised the very next week in the 3 hours slot or we tend to forget the things and there is a huge possibility that you might miss some very important point.
  • And last but not the least, a healthy diet and a sleep of at least 6 hours is a must.

Indian Forest Services

BASIC INFORMATION

  • Exams :
    The IFOs selection process comprises of the following stages:

    • First Stage CBT – Preliminary Examination
    • Second Stage CBT – Main Examination
    • Skill Test (Computer Based Aptitude Test/Typing Skill Test) (based on the posts)
    • Document Verification
    • Medical Fitness Test

  • Fees :

    The fees structure of various subjects depends on the various coaching institutes accordingly.

  • How to apply:

    • Candidates can apply online using the official website of the RRB of various regions accordingly.
    • Detailed Instruction for filling up the online applications is readily available on the website.

COURSE DETAILS

RRB NTPC is the examination for the candidates looking out for a career in Railway sector under Non-Technical Popular Category (NTPC). This examination is conducted by the Railway Recruitment Board (RRB) for recruitment to various posts like Station Master, Trains Clerk, Goods Guard, Senior Clerk cum Typist, Junior Account Assistant cum Typist, and Senior Time Keeper, etc. The recruitment is done for the posts all over India.

COURSE SYLLABUS

NOTE: The Syllabus for RRB NTPC Preliminary Examination and Mains Examination are same

a) MATHEMATICS

  • Number System
  • Decimals
  • Fractions
  • LCM
  • HCF
  • Ratio and Proportions
  • Percentage
  • Mensuration
  • Time and Work
  • Speed, Time and Distance
  • Simplification
  • Simple and Compound Interest
  • Average
  • Profit and Loss
  • Number Series
  • Mixture Problems
  • Elementary Algebra
  • Geometry and Trigonometry
  • Elementary Statistics

b) GENERAL INTELLIGENCE AND REASONING

  • Classification
  • Analogy
  • Completion of Number and Alphabetical Series
  • Coding and Decoding
  • Blood Relations
  • Clock and Calendar
  • Ordering and Ranking
  • Directions and Distances
  • Arranging Words in meaningful order
  • Word Formation
  • Missing Number
  • Mathematical Operations
  • Similarities and Differences
  • Analytical Reasoning
  • Syllogism
  • Venn Diagrams
  • Puzzle
  • Data Sufficiency
  • Statement- Conclusion
  • Statement- Courses of Action
  • Decision Making
  • Maps
  • Interpretation of Graphs

c) GENERAL AWARENESS

  • Current Events of National and International Importance
  • Games and Sports
  • Art and Culture of India
  • Indian Literature
  • Monuments and Places of India
  • General Science and Life Science (up to 10th CBSE)
  • History of India and Freedom Struggle
  • Physical, Social and Economic Geography of India and World
  • Indian Polity and Governance - constitution and political system
  • General Scientific and Technological Developments including Space and Nuclear Program of India
  • UN and Other important World Organizations
  • Environmental Issues Concerning India and World at Large
  • Basics of Computers and Computer Applications
  • Common Abbreviations
  • Transport Systems in India
  • Indian Economy
  • Famous Personalities of India and World
  • Flagship Government Programs
  • Flora and Fauna of India
  • Important Government and Public Sector Organizations of India

EXAMS

Preliminary Examination

This paper is of objective nature of the following pattern:

SECTIONS No. OF QUESTIONS TOTAL MARKS DURATION
Mathematics 30 30 90 Minutes
General Intelligence and Reasoning 35 35
General Awareness 50 50
TOTAL 120 120

Mains Examination

This paper is of objective nature of the following pattern:

SECTIONS No. OF QUESTIONS TOTAL MARKS DURATION
Mathematics 35 30 2 Hours
General Intelligence and Reasoning 30 30
General Awareness 40 40
TOTAL 100 100
  • This paper is of objective nature.
  • 2 marks will be deducted in case of each wrong answer.
  • No marks will be deducted in case of an unattempted question.
  • Candidates that qualify the written examination are called for Interview followed by Document Verification.

A TYPICAL WEEKLY TIME TABLE

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy,
All play and no work makes Jack a mere toy.”

This proverb quite evidently states the importance of the balance that must be maintained between the time one works and the leisure time. Here are some tips, applicable to all the preparatory examinations, for setting up a daily time-table that might help you in achieving this balance:

  • Please note that these tips are suggestive and you can change them according to your needs.
  • First of all, instead of sitting for hours at one go, you can divide your study time in various slots (5-6) of one to three hours each and in between each slot, keep some leisure time as that is equally important for the freshening up of your brain.
  • All the topics must be revised about two to three times before the examination.
  • You can choose topics as per your will for the two and three hours slot.
  • What is studied in a week must be revised the very next week in the 3 hours slot or we tend to forget the things and there is a huge possibility that you might miss some very important point.
  • And last but not the least, a healthy diet and a sleep of at least 6 hours is a must.